CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.6-8.2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
7th-8th Diné History Standards – I will understand historical/factual events, people and symbols that influence my family. Concept 1.PO2. I will identify an event relating to important people in Diné history.
90 minutes including time for research
Vocabulary and historical events key to Navajo sheep farming are provided in a slide presentation. Students learn more about Navajo agriculture and history through a video, their own research, and a game combining math and history. Academic vocabulary is at the 7th grade level.
This assignment has two parts. In the first part, students research one of these events in history to learn more about it. They locate a primary source and a secondary source with citations, and then write an objective summary. In Part B, students select two research questions of interest, from a list provided, and conduct research to find the answers. A Google doc of the assignment can be found here.
Accommodations for learners with special needs
For the assignment above, for learners with special needs, you may wish to assign only one of the two parts. Generally, we would assign Part B, finding the answers to research questions. This is also a modification for students who are English language learners.
GAME: Making Camp Navajo LIFE Module
Students can play the three Making Camp Navajo modules for 20 minutes. The following instructions can be copied into Google classroom, pasted into a Zoom chat or given in class.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.6-8.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies. Dine’ Content Standard for Grades 7-8 (Government) 4.PO.2 – I will identify changes in customs and goods. Dine’ Content Standard for Grades 7-8 (Culture) 1.PO.2 – I will show responsibility by knowing the stories related to my belongings.
📲 Technology required
This lesson requires a Chromebook, PC or Mac computer with an Internet connection.
Students watch a video by Albert Brent Chase, a longtime Navajo culture educator. Next, students read a passage on sheep resources and rug weaving in Navajo history. The video, How It’s Made: Navajo Rugs is also provided in this lesson. Students end the lesson playing Making Camp Navajo and designing their own rugs.
Set up the lesson by watching a video
In this five-minute video, Navajo weaver Albert Chase gives an overview of creating a pictorial rug with Germantown yarn.
Read a passage on sheep resources after the Navajo Long Walk
Students provide definitions of vocabulary words based only on the context clues from the reading assignment. Next, they look up the definition of each word in the dictionary and compare their original definitions with those in the dictionary.
Go to the page that gives choices of numbers, life or random. Pick LIFE. (If this is your first time playing the game, you will have to play through the introduction to get to this page.
Select the middle picture, the one with the woman weaving, to learn more about Navajo weaving and make your own rugs.
This lesson plan is assessed through the student assignments for vocabulary definitions. The student completion of the rug-making assignment can be documented by screenshots of their rugs. Students design a digital rug design in the Rug Design Tool and share the results with the class. The teacher can then post them in an online gallery for everyone to see.
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.RP.A.2 Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities
📲 Technology Required
Either a project or smart board connected to the computer will be required to view presentation and videos in class or students will need a computer to watch during a web meeting. The game can be played on any computer or tablet with Internet access.
Students play the Making Camp Navajo game, selecting the activity that explains ratio and proportion. The teacher reviews the activity with the class in a presentation, that includes three more problems to be completed as a group.
1. Play Making Camp Navajo and Learn Ratio and Proportion
Begin the lesson with students playing Making Camp Navajo. The following instructions can be pasted into a document linked to an assignment in your Google classroom or other system, or just printed out or written on the board.
Play Making Camp Navajo for an introduction to ratio and proportion
Select the icon for Making Camp Navajo. You may need to scroll down to see it. The icon looks like this:
Login with your username and password your teacher gave you.
Play through the introduction and until you get to the page with Numbers, Life and Random as choices, click on the Numbers box.
Play the two activities that have a girl holding a lamb and an ear of corn. These will teach you about ratio and proportion and give you a few example problems and how to solve them. The two activities you are supposed to select are shown below.
2. Review definitions of ratio and proportion with more examples
To reinforce the information, in the presentation, use this 30-slide deck.
Dine’ Culture Standards (3.PO2) I will develop an understanding of Dine’ way of life through Iina’. I will implement and recognize the Dine’ lifestyle. I will present the stories related to Land and Water Beings.
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3 Solve multi-step real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals)
📲 Technology Required
Device with web-browser – Chromebook, laptop or desktop computer, phone or tablet
Why would a Navajo sheep farmer need rational numbers? Our sheep farmer wants to build a new sheep corral. He would need to know positive and negative numbers, fractions, and decimals. This middle school lesson on rational numbers is integrated with some Navajo sheep history and is for grades 7 to 8. The examples are detailed and include word problems of rational numbers as applied to finding sheep farming profits. Operation rules are covered along with application of ratio and perimeter skills.
1. Bell ringer: Navajo Sheepherding Life
Have students watch this short spotlight video of Navajo sheepherding life in Arizona.
2. Write answers to prompts
Write a short response to it to keep in their notes for discussion during the history parts of the lesson.
What do you notice about the northern Arizona terrain?
What do traditional Navajos think of land ownership?
How does the grandmother, Helen, care for her animals?
3. Math Lesson on Rational Numbers
This presentation, Raising sheep and rational numbers, introduces the concept of rational numbers as anything that can be explained as a ratio. Negative numbers are illustrated both as loans a sheep farmer would take out and depth of holes in the ground that the farmer needs to consider in selecting the size of posts. Students are given rules of integer addition and subtraction to use as an aid in solving problems.
4. Play Game
Play Making Camp Navajo – Sheep Herding and Rational numbers.
For students who may need a review of the basics, this video on What are Rational provides a good and entertaining refresher.
Adding and subtracting decimals — Students watch two videos explaining decimal and fraction equivalence. They are then presented with a brief reminder of natural, integer and rational numbers. A slide presentation discusses adding and subtracting decimals. The lesson ends with teacher and student-generated practice problems.
There are five problems within the presentation to be worked as a class. Teachers can present the question and have students write the answers and then present the answers. Alternatively, for students working at home, each slide with questions is followed by worked answers.
Teachers can also see which standards students have attempted and how many problems they have answered correctly in the Making Camp teacher reports.