 # Multiplying one-digit numbers: 0 to 5

## 📖 Standards

CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.A.1 – Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each.

CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.A.3– Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities.

CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.A.4– Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers.

CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.C.7– Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.

## ⏰ Time

Each lesson will require 20-30 minutes. With the five lesson plans, total time is approximately 2 to 2 1/2 hours spread over one to two weeks.

## 📲 Technology Required

Making Camp Premium plays in any browser, so, of course, on Chromebooks. It can also be downloaded on phones or tablets and played offline by students who have limited Internet access. The teacher will need a computer, for showing to students learning from home, and a projector if showing videos in the classroom. If the classroom does not have access to a projector, the videos can be skipped.

## 📃 Summary

Our single-digit multiplication series is for Grade 3. The lesson plans with PDF links for printing and Google slide presentations are provided below. If you need to go back to basics, visit ‘Multiplication as Repeated Addition.’  While it may be tempting to do all lessons in one week, we have found it works better to spread this over a two-to three-week unit.

• Students use visual drawings, manipulatives, and a number line to learn multiplication of one-digit numbers, coupled with their verbal explanations.
• Students will create number sentences independently and with a partner.
• Learning and memorizing multiplication patterns will improve later understanding of division.
• Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication equation relating three whole numbers.
• Optional Brain Power activities have students write their own word problems.
• Students play games that reinforce memory and apply multiplication in word problems.

## 📚 Lesson Plans

### Learning from home / hybrid learning tip

Several lessons include an activity, “Work with a partner.  Take turns creating your own number sentences and solving them.” This can be modified in three ways:

• In a hybrid class, where students come in half of the days, have students leave the number sentences to be solved by the other half the following day. Of course, students can also do the activity with other students in their class that day.
• If students are learning from home using Zoom or Google Meet, they can post their number sentences in the chat for other students to solve.
• Students at home can include their number sentences in homework they return either in packets or electronically and receive number sentences submitted by other students returned in the same format (homework packets, email, etc.)

### Lesson 1 – Multiplying by 0 or 1

Tell students that this week they are going to learn how to multiply numbers from 0 to 5. On Friday, they will be able to play games that use multiplication. They can watch the video below to see what’s coming up. It is deliberately a quick view to get students curious and motivated to get to the games coming up.

Students learn the meaning of a number times zero, or zero times a number, both as regards to equal-size groups and number line jumps. Today’s lesson starts with a Google Slides presentation that shows how multiplication of 0 and 1 works. Feel free to modify the slides to provide more explanation as needed by your students.

Teaching students at home and need to print out the slides? Click here for a PDF.

### Lesson 2 – Multiplying by 2

Depending on your students’ progress and interest, you may want to hold off on this lesson for another day or jump right into it after lesson 1. Students learn the meaning of a number times two, or two times a number, both as regards to equal-size groups and number line jumps. Today’s lesson starts with a Google Slides presentation that shows how multiplication of 2 works. This is begun by talking about skip counting.

Teaching students at home and need to print out the slides? Click here for a PDF.

### Lesson 3 – Multiplying by 3

Tell students that two more lessons and then, let the games begin! Here is another 30-second video to spark their interest.

It’s time for learning multiplication by 3s. After watching the video, here is another Google slides presentation. While each of these is somewhat similar, we find that can be attractive to students in that they feel it’s not too challenging, they are getting this multiplication idea. We do not recommend doing more than one of these lessons per day when students are first learning their multiplication tables. Practice 3 tables and then go on to another topic for the rest of the day.

Teaching students at home and need to print out the slides? Click here for a PDF.

### Lesson 4 – Multiplying by 4

On lesson 4, we are mixing it up just a little. We introduce the idea that 4 x 5 = 5 x 4, so, really, you only have to learn half your multiplication tables. We also move past looking at just shapes and circles and look at multiplying fish, because, why not?

Start with the Google slides presentation. Tell students today they will be learning a secret that makes multiplication easier.

Teaching students at home and need to print out the slides? Click here for a PDF.

### Lesson 5 : Multiplying by 5 and 10

Begin with reinforcing students on how much they have learned already. After today’s lesson you’ll be half-way to having learned your times tables for all the numbers from 0 to 100. Hurray! Let them know that at the end of today’s lesson they will be getting to play Making Camp. Also, today they will be learning TWO tables and a new trick. Start with this Google slide presentation.

After the presentation, students should play Making Camp for 15-30 minutes. If you would like stickers, pencils or other incentives to give your high scoring students, just email support@7generationgames.com and we’ll be happy to send you a teacher gift pack.

Teaching students at home and need to print out the slides? Click here for a PDF.

## Assessment

Each lesson includes multiple assessment:

1. Students complete the multiplication tables – these can be shown with a projector (in class), on a screen, if teaching remotely, and on paper for students learning at home.
2. Students write their own number sentences using the multiplication learned each lesson.
3. Students complete the problems written by their classmates.
4. Optionally, students write word problems.
5. Optionally, student complete word problems written by their classmates.

In addition, at the end of lesson 5, students begin playing Making Camp, which has teacher reports showing the number of multiplication problems attempted and answered correctly.

### State Standards

Minnesota State Standard 3.1.2.3 – Represent multiplication facts by using a variety of approaches, such as repeated addition, equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, equal jumps on a number line and skip counting. Represent division facts by using a variety of approaches, such as repeated subtraction, equal sharing and forming equal groups. Recognize the relationship between multiplication and division.

Minnesota State Standard 3.1.2.4 – Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving multiplication and division, including both “how many in each group” and “how many groups” division problems.

Minnesota Math Standard 3.2.2.2 – Use multiplication and division basic facts to represent a given problem situation using a number sentence. Use number sense and multiplication and division basic facts to find values for the unknowns that make the number sentences true.

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