## Standards

**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.A.1** – Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each.**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.A.3**– Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities.**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.A.4**– Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers.**CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.C.7**– Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.

## Time

Each lesson will require 20-30 minutes. With the ten lessons, total time is approximately 5 hours spread over one to two weeks.

## Technology Required

Making Camp Premium plays in any browser and can also be downloaded on phones or tablets and played offline by students who have limited Internet access. The teacher will need a computer, for showing to students learning from home, and a projector if showing videos in the classroom. If the classroom does not have access to a projector, the videos can be skipped. Spirit Lake: The Game can be downloaded and played on Windows or Mac computers.

## Unit Summary

This 10-lesson unit teaches single-digit multiplication. Google slide presentations are provided within each lesson. Students are presented multiplication in a wide variety of formats, including, tables, number sentences, drawings, word problems and virtual manipulatives.

## Lessons 1-6: Multiplying one-digit numbers: 0 to 5

Students use visual drawings, manipulatives, and a number line to learn multiplication of one-digit numbers, coupled with their verbal explanations. Each lesson includes multiple assessments:

- Students complete the multiplication tables – these can be shown with a projector (in class), on a screen, if teaching remotely, and on paper for students learning at home.
- Students write their own number sentences using the multiplication learned each lesson.
- Students complete the problems written by their classmates.
- Optionally, students write word problems.
- Optionally, student complete word problems written by their classmates.

At the end of lesson 5, students begin playing Making Camp Premium, which has teacher reports showing the number of multiplication problems attempted and answered correctly.

## Lessons 7-10: Multiplying one-digit numbers from 6 to 9

Students use visual drawings, manipulatives, and a number line to learn multiplication of one-digit numbers, coupled with their verbal explanations. Students play the Making Camp Premium game to reinforce learning. Those with access to a Mac or Windows computer can also play Spirit Lake. Each lesson will require 20-30 minutes.

- Students use visual drawings, manipulatives, and a number line to learn multiplication of one-digit numbers, coupled with their verbal explanations.
- Students will create number sentences independently and with a partner.
- Learning and memorizing multiplication patterns will improve later understanding of division.
- Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication equation relating three whole numbers.
- Optional Brain Power activities have students write their own word problems.
- Students play games that reinforce memory and apply multiplication in word problems.